Healthy Mouth

The mouth consists of a complex assortment of different tissues that function together to support essential roles, such as processing foods. Oral tissues include muscles of mastication (chewing) and swallowing, the tongue, oral mucosa, teeth, periodontal tissues, salivary glands and their secretions, and taste and smell receptors.

The Healthy Mouth

In a healthy mouth; there are no cavities on the teeth, the under (ventral) surface of the healthy tongue is covered with smooth, pink, mucous membrane and lymphoid follicles. On its top (dorsal) surface, the filiform, fungiform, and circumvallate papillae, which contain the organs of taste, produce a rough, grayish-red appearance. The thick epithelial tufts of the filiform papillae give the tongue its characteristic grayish-white coating, whereas the globular, pale red fungiform papillae give it a speckled pink appearance. Creases and grooves are not a characteristic of the healthy tongue. The buccal mucosa has a grayish-red color and may be traversed by fine grayish ridges where it comes in contact with the closed teeth. The healthy gums have a light reddish appearance and cover the roots of the teeth completely.

For more information on healthy mouths and how to achieve optimal oral health through total-health dentistry, please call Wood Family Dental in Hyannis today.